Twenty-five hundred years ago life in China was very hard. Most of the people were hopelessly poor. Into these times one of China"s great leaders was born. He was Confucius. Confucius came from a noble family, but his parents were poor. His father died when Confucius was only three years old. The boy was a good and obedient son to his mother. He grew up to be quiet, thoughtful, and studious. As Confucius watched the people around him, he became eager to help them. At last he left his family and started out his students to be honest and kind, and to honor their parents. He taught them that a good man never lets himself get angry. Many of his savings were gathered together and written down. One of his famous savings is “Do not do to others what you do not wish others to do to you. ” For years he wandered from province to province spreading his ideas to all who would listen to him.
According to tradition, Confucius was born in 551 BC in the Spring and Autumn Period at the beginning of the Hundred Schools of Thought philosophical movement. Confucius was born in or near the city of Qufu in the Chinese State of Lu (now part of Shandong Province).
He was a Chinese thinker and social philosopher whose teachings and philosophy have deeply influenced Chinese Korean Japanese Taiwanese and Vietnamese thought and life.
His philosophy emphasized personal and governmental morality correctness of social relationships justice and sincerity. These values gained prominence in China over other doctrines such as Legalism (法家) or Taoism (道家) during the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD). Confucius" thoughts have been developed into a system of philosophy known as Confucianism (儒家). It was introduced to Europe by the Jesuit Matteo Ricci who was the first to Latinise the name as "Confucius."
His teachings may be found in the Analects of Confucius (论语) a collection of "brief aphoristic fragments" which was compiled many years after his death. Modern historians do not believe that any specific documents can be said to have been written by Confucius, but for nearly 2000 years he was thought to be the editor or author of all the Five Classics such as the Classic of Rites (editor) and the Spring and Autumn Annals (春秋) (author).
Confucius (551 B.C—479 B.C.) is one of the most famous Chinese people. As the founder of Confucianism1 his thought has exerted a deep influence on China and its people. But Confucius was not his real name. It was a courtesy title a Latinized form of “Kong Fuzi” meaning “Master Kong”. His family name was Kong and his given name Qiu. And he styled himself Zhongni. He was born at Zouyi the State of Lu.
Confuius"s given name is Qiu also styled Zhongni. He was born in QuFu China 551 B.C. and died in 479 B.C..
Confucius founded confuciansism--the famous philosophical school in the history of China. The kernel of his thought is Ren(benevolence) its form of expression is Li(the Rites).
Confucius travlled from one state to another preaching his doctrines until he was old. He spent his last years in compiling and editing. His works include Book of Spring and Autumn Book of Odes Book of History Book of Rites Book of Music and Book of change. These six books regarded as the classical works of Confucianism have been handed down to the present time. He founded the first private school in Chinese history. He was the teacher of 3000 disciples among whom 72 were Sages. His major sayings were written down in Lun Yu (The Analects) one of the Four Books.
Confucius lived in the late Spring and Autumn period(770-476 B.C). In his last years he lived in relative poverty and no longer enjoyed great fame. But after his death his thought continued to influence the Chinese people for over 2500 years. His doctrine on morality and ethics has had a great effect on their ideology strenthening the unity of the nation and making it known to the world for its courteous dealing and solemn rites.
Confucius said "Let there be three men walking together: from the nmuber I should be sure to find my instructor." "To make accomplishment you must help others to be accomplished too." "Never be satiated with you knowledge and never be tired of teaching."... Today these philosophical sayings are still shining brilliantly.
In the long span of the Chinese history the descendants of the Yellow Emperor have been righteously proud of the existence of the outstanding Confucius.
One of the most famous people in ancient China was a wise philosopher named Confucius (circa 551-479 BC). He sometimes went by the names Kong Zi though he was born - Kong Qiu - styled Zhong Ni. He was born in the village of Zou in the country of Lu.
This chinese man was a well-known leader in philosophy and he also made many wise phrases and theories about the law, life, and the government. Philosophy is a kind of a system of ideas and thoughts that talk about the human"s behavior, the rules that you should follow to make a successful life, and about the government.
In other words, it"s about thoughts and theories that teach other people lessons about principles, or rules, about life and it also teaches you a moral ( sort of like the morals that are at the end of a fable). Confucius is famous for his philosophy because he made many wise sayings in ancient China that helped many people learn about nature, the world, and the human behavior. He also helped the government and the emperor by teaching them lessons on how the emperor should rule his kingdom successfully.
Confucius was born in a poor family in the year 551 B.C., and he was born in the state of Lu. His original name was K"ung Ch"iu. His father, commander of a district in Lu, died three years after Confucius was born, leaving the family in poverty; but Confucius nevertheless received a fine education. He was married at the age of 19 and had one son and two daughters.
He worked as a keeper of a market. Then he was a farm worker who took care of parks and farm animals. When he was 20, he worked for the governor of his district.